Naxos is the largest Cycladic Greek island at approximately 429 square kilometers and lies in the Aegean. Naxos was the centre of the archaic Cycladic culture. The largest town and capital of the island is Hora with around 7000 inhabitants. The main villages on the island of Naxos are are Filoti, Apiranthos, Vivlos, Agios Arsenios, Koronos and Glinado.
Naxos is the largest of the Cycladic islands in Greece and is very different from its neighbouring islands. The uniqueness of Naxos is due to its varied landscape. With imposing mountains, verdant plateaux and valleys, rivers and springs, caves and large sandy beaches backed by sand dunes and cedar trees, Naxos has something for everyone. Naxos has not been spoilt by tourism as much of the main tourist market is focused only on Naxos Town (Chora) and its surrounding area. Agriculture and husbandry are still an important aspect of the local economy. According to mythology, the god of wine, Dionysus came from Naxos, and the ancient Greeks saw proof of this in the lush and fertile soil. Most people from the island of Naxos are involved with agriculture.
The mistress of Zeus, Semele, apparently died before giving birth to their child. Zeus therefor took the embryo and placed it within his thigh. He named the baby Dionysus and the nymphs, Philia, Coronida and Clidi brought him up on the island.
The daughter of King Minos of Crete, Ariadne, who had helped Theseus to kill the Minotaur fled with the hero and fell asleep on Naxos. Theseus left her there and when Dionysus saw her, he made her his wife.